精品推荐—老玉石珍藏

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唰唰冷呵映  2020-8-2 05:17


和田玉,“中国四大名玉”之一(其三为陕西蓝田玉、辽宁岫玉和河南独山玉)。传统狭义范畴特指新疆和田地区出产的玉石,以和田“子料”为代表闻名于世;广义的和田玉指软玉(真玉)。和田玉虽然因新疆和田而命名,但其本身不是地域概念,并非特指新疆和田地区出产的玉,而是一类产品的名称。中国把透闪石成份占98%以上的石头都命名为和田玉,都在国标范围内。

秦始皇统一中国的时候,和田玉因产于昆仑山被称为“昆山之玉”,以后又因位于“于阗国”境内而被称为“于阗玉”。直到清光绪九年(1883年)设立和田直隶州时,才被正式命名为“和田玉”。

和田玉中的名品,是珍藏于陕西历史博物馆的西汉国宝级文物“皇后之玺”,其质地为新疆和田羊脂玉,是迄今唯一的汉代皇后玉玺,为首批禁止出国(境)展览文物 。2008年北京奥运会会徽徽宝“中国印”,也是采用新疆和田玉作为材料。

和田玉属镁质大理岩与中酸性岩浆岩接触交代而形成的变质岩,内含透闪石、角闪石、阳起石等多矿物集合体,化学成分是含水的钙镁硅酸盐,化学式为Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)5[Si8O22](OH)2,密度为2.95—3.17,摩氏硬度在6.0—6.5之间。

藏品介绍

中文名称:和田玉观音子冈牌

英文名称:Hetian Jade Guanyin card

类别:玉器

规格:一件

品相:美品



这件观音子冈牌,表面金黄色包浆,凸出部位在自然光线下出现漫反射,光感温润油性十足,只有好的作品雕工是全方位乃至任何一个细节都是非常到位的,可以看到衣服的纹饰也十分清晰,褶皱清晰飘逸,做到了‘吴带生风’的效果,袈裟下摆往后飘逸,使得脚下飞龙急速飞行之感,衣服贴身整体做到了曹衣出水的效果,令人十分惊叹。佛像最看开脸和手,其脸部面容慈禧,手部也十分精美,整体传神,给人心静之感。

乘龙观音是观音菩萨三十三化身之一,乘云中之龙,于南海波涛之上,又称龙头观音。观音骑乘于云中龙头,譬喻观音菩萨之神威;海乃龙王辖地,龙能自海中取水于天,普降甘霖在人间,观音站立于龙头之上,意在使天下风调雨顺,保天下太平。



反面为光面,阴刻篆体,篆刻功力深厚,字迹精美绝伦,落款子冈二字,可见其身份之高,为顶级玉刻大师作品,极为罕见。

陆子冈,或称“陆子刚”,太仓州人,长期在苏州定居,于明嘉靖十八年(1539)开办琢玉作坊,嘉靖、万历年间以“碾玉妙手”闻名朝野”。 其琢玉技艺高超绝伦,可谓巧夺天工。闻名于世的“子冈牌”,便是因他所制的玉牌而得名,其内容通常是一面琢文人山水画,另一面琢诗文印章,高雅脱俗。

因陆子冈晚年出家为僧,且无子嗣继承其业,其技艺被专诸巷的玉工弟子自发传承下来。至乾隆一朝,“子冈”已不再是人名,而是演化成了品牌。据故宫博物院专家研究发现,后世子冈款作品层出不穷,与其成为店肆品牌,并多代相传有很大关系。目前可见子冈款玉器,分为明代、清代、近现代、当代等不同时代的作品。明、清两代的子冈款玉器以故宫博物院存清宫遗玉最多。

此件子冈牌包浆老的,雕刻精美,落款子冈,为玉雕第一人,其工艺无法超越,称为玉刻大师的模仿对象,力求能达到陆子冈的水准,好的玉料加上顶级的雕工,早就了这一稀世之宝,可谓是千金易得一宝难求的宝物。

翡翠(jadeite), 也称翡翠玉jadites 、翠玉、缅甸玉,是玉的一种。翡翠的正确定义是以硬玉矿物为主的辉石类矿物组成的纤维状集合体。但是翡翠并不等于硬玉 。翡翠是在地质作用下形成的达到玉级的石质多晶集合体,主要由硬玉或硬玉及钠质(钠铬辉石)和钠钙质辉石(绿辉石)组成,可含有角闪石、长石、铬铁矿、褐铁矿等。

在古代翡翠是一种生活在南方的鸟,毛色十分美丽,通常有蓝、绿、红、棕等颜色。一般这种鸟雄性的为红色,谓之“翡”,雌性的为绿色,谓之“翠”。寸开泰撰写的《腾越乡土志》记载:“ 腾为萃数,玉工满千,制为器皿,发售滇垣各行省。上品良玉,多发往粤东、上海、闽、浙、京都。至清末民初,仅腾冲城内即有翡翠作坊百余家,玉雕工匠三千余人,所琢“器皿发售滇垣各行省上品良玉,多发往粤东、上海、闽、浙、京都《寸开泰《腾越乡土志》产翡翠的缅甸勐拱、密支那一带,距我国云南边境只有150公里。在明朝万历年间,此地曾属永昌府(今云南省保山市)管辖。由于历史的原因,被称为"东方瑰宝"的翡翠经云南腾冲、瑞丽等边城输入我国,已有四五百年的历史了。

藏品介绍

中文名称:宝泉局顺治通宝满绿翡翠样钱

英文名称:Baoquan Bureau shunzhi Tong Bao full of green jade money

类别:玉器

规格:1件

品相:美品



样钱:古钱币术语。样钱可分两类:由造钱主管机关呈送帝王以供审阅、抉择的样钱叫“进呈样钱”,多由铜、蜡、牙、木等雕制而成。由中央颁发至各地造铸炉场当作样品或母钱的样钱叫“部颁样钱”。样钱亦具母钱精良优美的特性。

样钱”作为钱币学的专用词,即钱币的样板、样本等,用于中国古钱币时包括多种含义和组词,如钱样、试样、部颁样钱、呈样、大样、小样等等。铸造新版钱币,须先铸一批试验性质的钱币—“样钱”,供上级机关审核,从中央到地方钱局都有这个程序。如铸币工厂要对配料、工艺、成本等情况作测试,同时向主管部门报告铸币工作进度及接受钱币质量审定等因素,都须先试铸“样钱”。晚清至民国,收藏家对清代样钱还不太重视,解放以后一些钱谱也很少提到样钱。时至今日,雕母、母钱寥若星辰,样钱以其稀少、样大和做工工整、细致等因素,越来越为钱币爱好者所关注。样钱的质地、存世量介乎于母钱和普通流通钱之间,但其价格是远高于普通钱。



宝泉局为清代钱币铸造局名。位于东四四条83号,为明清户部所属铸造钱币的工厂。清代宝泉局下属东、西、南、北四作厂,全部位于东城界内。东作厂在乾隆《京城全图》中为一方形大空院,东南角为两进院官厅,其他场所零星布置四、五座小房,与现存格局不同,应是在乾隆十五年(1750年)以后多次改建扩建,但官厅的位置仍在原处。从现在的建筑遗存来看,此处已不再是生火铸钱的工厂,可能是存放原料和钱范的仓库。

样钱的材质种类较多,其中翡翠的最为罕见,一般满绿翡翠极为珍贵,用来制作佩戴都会用讨巧的形式制作,如平安扣,或者刻有美丽花纹,就算刻成钱币样式,也会加以花纹装饰,可以看到上图与钱币几乎是一比一的器制作雕刻,可见此翡翠钱币为罕见的钱样,满绿翡翠已经价值极高,再加上样钱的属性,使其具有极高的收藏价值,势必成为收藏界的明星藏品。

岫玉是一种软玉,因主要产地在辽宁釉岩而得名,属蛇纹石,以其质地温润、晶莹、细腻、性坚、透明度好、颜色多样而著称于世,自古以来一直为人们所垂青和珍爱。

它形成于镁质碳酸岩的变质大理石中,外观呈青绿色或黄绿色,半透明,抛光后呈蜡状光泽,硬度为3.5度至5度。新石器时代红山文化所用玉材,产于铀岩境内细玉沟,俗称老玉,为透闪石软玉。商代妇好墓出土玉器多数玉材与铀岩瓦沟矿产铀玉近似。瓦沟矿铀玉开采历史悠久,储量丰富。为我国当前主要产玉矿区,产量占全国60%左右。

藏品介绍

中文名称:釉岩玉狮钮印章

英文名称:Jade rock jade lion button seal

类别:玉器

规格:1件

品相:美品



上刻石狮一只,下为方形。色透明光亮,整体水头十足,有如果冻一般,十分美观。水头,即透明度,是宝玉石区别于其他普通石头的重要标准。



宝玺:天子所佩曰玺,臣下所佩曰印。无玺书则王言无以达四海,无印章则有司之文移不能行之于所属,此秦汉以来之事也。

皇帝、皇后、皇太后所佩谓玺,印是大臣所用。是有规矩的,不然,是会砍头的。

玉玺是御玺的俗称,正确、专业的称谓:宝玺。明代正式宝玺亦为玉制,沈德符《万历野获编》即记载:“至嘉靖四十五年之冬,则世宗已不豫久矣,乃下诏曰:先朝甲戌遇灾,御宝凡六,其五已遭毁。命所司觅美玉补造。”可见御宝仍为玉制,惜未能流传至今。然成化、嘉靖时,确实用白石等制作一批印玺,多属闲章,部分印文的文字与御宝一样,现藏故宫。明朝有二十四宝玺,其中皇帝奉天之宝为唐宋之传玺(《明史》卷七十四;《明会要》卷二十四;《明官史·木集》); 清朝的宝玺用料更繁多,除玉外,还有栴檀香木、檀香木质、金质、水晶、玛瑙、骨质等等。



底部篆刻我们伟大的主席名,篆刻精美大器,古韵十足。



另一枚宝玺底部开窗阳刻主席七分侧面肖像,与底部篆刻主席名款相对应,俗话说人养玉一时,玉养人一生,玉石属于大自然的瑰宝,纯天然,含丰富的微量元素,经过皮肤摩擦吸收,对身体大有益处,这也是为什么富甲一方的古人会用玉来做枕头,睡上一觉醒来神清气爽。这三件藏品为各种不同的玉种,都是属于高端玉材,市场价值极高,雕刻精美,意义不凡,从外观看无任何损毁,品相完美,具有极高的收藏价值。

英文翻译:Hetian jade, "China's four famous jade" one (its three for Shaanxi Lantian jade, Liaoning xiuyu jade and Henan Dushan jade). The traditional narrow sense refers to the jade produced in Hetian, Xinjiang, which is famous for its "sub-materials". Hetian jade in the broad sense refers to nephrite (true jade). Although hetian jade is named after Xinjiang Hetian, it is not the concept of the region itself, not specifically referring to the jade produced in Xinjiang Hetian region, but the name of a class of products. In China, more than 98% of the tremolite is named hetian jade, which is within the scope of national standards.

When Qin Shi Huang unified China, hetian jade was called "jade of Kunshan" because it was produced in Kunlun Mountain. Later, it was called "Jade of Khotan" because it was located in the land of Khotan. It was not until the ninth year of The Guangxu Emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1883) when hetian Zhili Prefecture was established that it was officially named "Hetian Jade".

The famous hetian jade is the Queen's Seal, a national treasure of the Western Han Dynasty, which is stored in The Shaanxi History Museum. It is made of Xinjiang Hetian amniocentric jade. It is the only queen's seal of the Han Dynasty so far, and the first batch of cultural relics forbidden to be exhibited abroad. The Beijing 2008 Olympic Games emblem "Chinese seal", is also using xinjiang Hetian jade as material.

The metamorphic rock formed by contact metasomatism between Hetian jade magnesian marble and intermediate-acid magmatic rock contains multiple mineral aggregates such as tremolite, hornblende and actinite. The chemical composition is water-bearing calcium and magnesium silicate, the chemical formula is Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)5[Si8O22](OH)2, the density is 2.95 -- 3.17, and the Hardness is between 6.0 -- 6.5.

The collection is introduced

Chinese name: Hetian Jade Guanyin card

Hetian Jade Guanyin Card

Category: Jade

Specification: one piece

Appearance: Beautiful

The goddess of mercy, brand, surface gold wrapped slurry, protruding parts appear offline diffuse natural light, light warm oily, only good work carver is comprehensive and any details are very in place, you can see the clothes of the grain is also very clear, fold in a clear and elegant, do the 'wu gave birth to the wind, the effect of saffron hem flowing back, the dragon at the foot of the feeling of flying, rapidly clothes close whole did cao clothes out of the water, the effect of is quite amazing. The face and hands of the Buddha are the most visible. The face of the Buddha is cixi, and the hands are also very delicate. The whole image is expressive and gives people a sense of tranquility.

Chenglong Avalokitesvara is one of the thirty-three incarnations of Avalokitesvara bodhisattva, by the dragon in the clouds, in the South China Sea waves above, also known as the dragon Head Avalokitesvara. Guanyin rides on the dragon head in the cloud, which symbolizes the divine power of Guanyin Bodhisattva. The sea is under the jurisdiction of the dragon king, the dragon can draw water from the sea in the sky, all the showers in the world, Guanyin standing on the dragon head, with the intention of making the world weather, to protect the world peace.

The reverse side is smooth, the Yin engraves the seal body, the seal cuts the skill to be deep, the handwriting is exquisite peerless, falls the money child hill two words, the visible its identity high, is the top class jade carving master work, extremely rare.

Lu Zigang, or "Lu Zigang", was a native of Taicang who lived in Suzhou for a long time. He set up a zhuoyu workshop in the 18th year of jiajing (1539) in the Ming Dynasty. During the Jiajing and Wanli years, he was known as the "jade grinder". Its jade superb skills, it can be said that the work of heaven. The famous "Zioka plate" is named after the jade plate he made. Its contents are usually cut from literati landscape paintings on one side and poetic seals on the other, elegant and refined.

As Lu Became a monk in his later years and had no children to inherit his inheritance, his skills were spontaneously inherited by the disciples of Zhuan Zhu Xiang. To the Qianlong Dynasty, "Zi Gang" is no longer a name, but evolved into a brand. According to the Palace Museum experts found that after the generation of the son of the oka works emerge one after another, and become a store brand, and many generations have a lot to do with. At present, we can see zigang jade pieces, which are divided into Ming dynasty, Qing Dynasty, modern, contemporary and other works of different ages. In Ming and Qing dynasties, the Palace Museum kept the most jade of zioka pieces.

This piece of zigang card package oar old, carved beautifully, fell the money of the zigang, for the first jade carving person, its craft can not exceed, known as the jade carving master imitation object, and strive to reach the level of Luzigang, good jade material plus top carver, early this rare treasure, it can be said is a treasure of thousands of gold easy to get a treasure.

Jadeite, also known as jadites, jade and Burmese jade, is a kind of jade. The correct definition of jadeite is a fibrous aggregate composed of jadeite minerals. But jadeite is not jadeite. Jadeite is formed under geological action to reach the level of stony polycrystalline aggregate, mainly composed of jadeite or jadeite and sodium (sodium chromate pyroxene) and sodium calcium pyroxene (chlorite), can contain amphibole, feldspar, chromite, limonite and so on.

In ancient times, jadeite was a kind of bird living in the south. Its fur color is very beautiful. It usually has blue, green, red, brown and other colors. Generally this kind of bird male for red, that "fei", female for green, that "Cui". It is recorded in the Local Chronicles of Tengyue written by Cun Kaitai that "Teng is the most beautiful number, with thousands of jade works, made into utensils and sold to all provinces of Yunnan Province. Top quality jade, mostly to the east of Guangdong, Shanghai, Fujian, Zhejiang, Kyoto. To the qing dynasty, tengchong city only has a jade workshop more than hundred, jade craftsmen more than three thousand people, have cut "on sale vessel walls in yunnan province top grade LiangYu, happens to guangdong, Shanghai, fujian, zhejiang, Kyoto" inch kaitai, local tzu chi "Banks" emerald myanmar meng arch, dense * *, is only 150 kilometers from China's yunnan border. In the Ming wanli years, here had under yongchang house (now baoshan city of yunnan province) jurisdiction. Due to historical reasons, known as the "Oriental gem" by yunnan tengchong jadeite, ruili, such as border town enter our country, has a history of four thousand five hundred years.

Chinese name: Baoquan Bureau Shunzhi Tong Bao full green jade money

Baoquan Bureau shunzhi Tong Bao full of Green Jade money

Category: Jade

Specification: 1 piece

Sample money: An ancient coin term. There are two types of samples: the samples sent by the money-making authorities to the emperors for review and selection are called "incoming samples" and are mostly made of bronze, wax, teeth and wood. The sample money issued by the central government to the foundry sites around the country as a sample or mother money is called "ministry sample money". The sample money also has the mother money fine beautiful characteristic.

"Sample money" as the special word of numismatics, namely the sample of money, sample, etc., when used in Chinese ancient COINS, including a variety of meanings and words, such as money sample, sample, ministry issued sample money, show sample, large sample, small sample and so on. To cast new COINS, a batch of experimental COINS - "sample COINS" - must be cast for the examination and approval of the higher authorities, from the central to the local money bureau have this procedure. If the coinage factory needs to test the ingredients, process, cost and other conditions, and report the coinage work progress to the competent department and accept the coinage quality approval and other factors, it shall first try to cast the "sample money". Late Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, collectors to the Qing dynasty sample money is not too important, after the liberation of some money spectrum also rarely mention sample money. Up to now, carve mother, mother money few if the star, kind of money with its rare, kind of large and neat workmanship, meticulous and other factors, more and more attention to money lovers. The quality and quantity of sample money are between mother money and ordinary circulating money, but its price is much higher than ordinary money.

Baoquan bureau for the Qing Dynasty coin casting bureau name. Located at No. 83, East 44, it is a coinage factory belonging to the Ministry of Housing in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Baoquan Bureau of the Qing Dynasty under the east, west, south, north four plants, all located in the east boundary. Dongzuo factory is in Qianlong "full picture of the Capital" it is a square big empty courtyard, southeast corner is two enter courtyard official office, other place is scattered decorate 4, 5 small rooms, with existing pattern is different, should be in Qianlong 15 years (1750) after many times rebuild expand, but the position of official office is still in original place. From the present architectural remains, it is no longer a factory for making fire and casting money, but probably a warehouse for storing raw materials and money fan.

Sample money material sort is more, the jade is the most rare, usually with green jade is very precious, used to make wear with flattering in the form of production, such as peace clasp, or engraved with beautiful decorative pattern, and even carved into coin style, will also be decorative, you can see above, and money is almost a than a sculpture, visible this jade coin money sample for rare, full of green jade has high value, plus sample properties of money, has the extremely high collection value, is bound to become the star of the collectors collection.

Jade is a kind of nephrite, because the main producing area in Liaoning glaze rock and named serpentine, with its texture warm, crystal, fine, gender firm, good transparency, color diversity and known in the world, since ancient times has been favored and cherished by people.

It forms in the metamorphous marble of magnesia qualitative carbonic acid rock, the appearance is bluish green or yellowish green, translucent, after polishing is shown waxy luster, hardness is 3.5 degrees to 5 degrees. Neolithic hongshan culture used jade, produced in uranium rock within the territory of fine jade ditch, commonly known as old jade, for tremolite nephrite. Most of the jade unearthed from Fu Hao tomb in Shang Dynasty is similar to uranium and uranium. The mining of uranium and jade in Wagou mine has a long history and rich reserves. For China's current main production of jade mining areas, the output accounted for about 60% of the country.

Chinese name: glazed rock jade lion button seal

Jade Rock Jade Lion Button Seal

Category: Jade

A stone lion was carved on the top and a square on the bottom. The color is transparent and bright, the whole water head is full, like jelly general, very beautiful. The head of water, namely transparency, is an important standard that distinguishes precious jade from other ordinary stones.

The Imperial seal: the imperial seal is worn by the emperor, and the imperial seal by the emperor. If there is no seal, the words of the king can not reach the four seas. If there is no seal, the words of the company can not be transferred to their own. This has happened since the Qin and Han Dynasties.

The emperor, empress and empress dowager wore the seals, which were used by ministers. There are rules, or you'll have your head cut off.

Jade Seal is the common name of the royal Seal, the correct, professional title: Treasure seal. In the Ming Dynasty, the official seal was also made of jade. Shen Defu's "Wan Li Ye Wu Ji" recorded: "In the winter of the 45th year of jiajing, the Reign of Emperor Shi Zong was not long over. The order department seeks the beautiful jade to make up." Visible royal treasure is still made of jade, pity has not been handed down. Ran chenghua, Jiajing, do use white stone and so made a batch of seals, mostly for leisure, part of the seal characters and royal treasure, is now the Palace Museum. There were twenty-four imperial seals in the Ming Dynasty, among which the imperial Seal of Fengtian was the Imperial Seal of tang and Song dynasties (History of the Ming, Vol. 74; The Next Meeting, Vol. 24; "The History of Mingguan · Muji"); Like the qing dynasty seal materials are more various, in addition to the jade, and 栴 sandalwood, sandal wood, gold, crystal, agate, bone, and so on.

The bottom seal cutting our great chairman name, seal cutting exquisite, full of ancient charm.

Another treasure to seal at the bottom of the window profile portrait chairman Yang carved seven points, and at the bottom of the seal cutting MingKuan, chairman of the corresponding, as the saying goes, people raise jade, jade, nurturing life jade belongs to one of nature's treasures, natural, rich in trace elements, absorbed through the skin friction, beneficial to the body, which is why wealthy ancient will doing with jade pillow, sleep wake up refreshed. These three pieces belong to various kinds of jade, all belong to the high-end jade material, the market value is very high, the sculpture is exquisite, the significance is extraordinary, from the outside looking without any damage, the product appearance is perfect, has the extremely high collection value.


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